What is Myoma

Myomas, commonly referred to as uterine fibroids, are benign (non-cancerous) growths that develop in the muscle tissue of the uterus. These tumors are among the most prevalent pelvic tumors in women, with studies indicating that approximately 25% of women will experience myomas at some point in their lives. Despite their common occurrence, the reassuring news is that myomas do not progress into cancerous formations.

The exact cause of myoma development remains a subject of ongoing research, but current understanding points towards a combination of genetic predisposition and hormonal influences as significant factors. Hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, which play key roles in the menstrual cycle and pregnancy, appear to promote the growth of myomas. Additionally, genetic variations may predispose certain individuals to a higher risk of developing these tumors.

Diagnosing myomas involves a comprehensive approach that includes a thorough examination of the patient’s medical history, a physical examination, and the use of imaging techniques such as ultrasonography (USG). Ultrasonography, in particular, is a critical tool in the diagnosis and management of myomas, providing detailed images of the uterus that help in identifying the presence and size of fibroids.

Treatment options for myomas vary widely and are tailored to the individual’s symptoms, the size and location of the fibroids, and the patient’s desire for future pregnancies. Management strategies range from watchful waiting in asymptomatic cases to medical therapies aimed at controlling symptoms or reducing fibroid size. In more severe cases, surgical options, including myomectomy (removal of the fibroids while preserving the uterus) or hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), may be considered. The choice of treatment is a collaborative decision-making process between the patient and her doctor, taking into account the patient’s overall health, symptoms, and reproductive goals.

At Gynist IVF Clinic, we are committed to providing our patients with comprehensive care for myomas, from diagnosis through to treatment. Our team of healthcare professionals is here to support you with expert advice, advanced diagnostic tools, and a range of treatment options tailored to your specific needs.