What is Hemorrhoid Surgery ?
Hemorrhoids imply the internal (arterial) and external (venous) blood plexus around the anus. Although this term is usually used to imply a disease, it, in fact, implies the blood vessels of the anus.
When these blood vessels are clogged or swollen due to various reasons, they cause pain, bright red blood in the stool, rectal itching and discomfort, and changes in bowel habits as a result of avoiding from passing stool due to pain.
The underlying cause of may not be identified or multiple factors may be responsible. On the other hand, hemorrhoids can exacerbate followed by spontaneous regression without any treatment.It is difficult to recognize internal hemorrhoids and they are manifested by symptoms, such as rectal bleeding, rectal pain, itching, burning, or prolapsing out of the anal canal in the advanced stage.
Minimally invasive procedures Rubber
Rubber band ligation: One or two rubber bands are placed at the base of the internal hemorrhoid to cease the blood flow and the hemorrhoids (piles) are supposed to shrink and fall.
Sclerotherapy: A sclerosing chemical substance is injected into the hemorrhoid tissue in order to allow shrinkage and formation of scar tissue.
Ligation of hemorrhoidal artery: The hemorrhoidal artery is visualized with Doppler ultrasound guidance and it is tied off (ligated). Hemorrhoid shrinks and disappears, as the blood flow is blocked.
Infrared: Vessels that feed the plies are coagulated using infrared rays
Laser: The basic principle is identical to the infrared coagulation; the feeders are coagulated using laser energy and thus, hemorrhoid hardens and spontaneously regresses